Photorealistic VR Avatars in the Metaverse

In a recent venture into the virtual realm, Mark Zuckerberg and Lex Fridman showcased a remarkable leap in avatar technology during a Metaverse interview. Donning Meta’s prototype photorealistic Codec Avatars, the duo illustrated a future where digital interactions mimic real-life to a striking degree. This wasn’t merely a casual jaunt into VR; it was a demonstration of how near we are to overcoming the eerie uncanny valley that often accompanies digital human representations.

Codec Avatars: Bridging the Real and Virtual

Codec Avatars are the fruit of Meta’s relentless pursuit to revolutionize remote communication. With roots tracing back to 2019, this project is on a quest to craft highly convincing real-time avatars. The technology hinges on face and eye tracking sensors embedded in VR headsets, eventually aiming to condense this tech into everyday glasses.

Initially, a specialized rig boasting over 100 cameras was required to generate these avatars. Yet, the dream is to replace this elaborate setup with a simple smartphone scan, potentially democratizing photorealistic avatars.

A Display of Realism in the Metaverse

During their Metaverse rendezvous, Zuckerberg and Fridman donned the Quest Pro headset, featuring built-in face and eye tracking. Although there was a USB-C cable attached, its purpose remains unclear—whether it was tethered to a PC for rendering the avatars or merely to keep the headsets charged.

Fridman was visibly taken aback by the realism. Unlike many attempts in the past at creating photorealistic digital humans, Codec Avatars have seemingly vaulted over the uncanny valley, landing in a domain where digital entities induce comfort rather than discomfort.

The Road to Commercial Availability

Meta’s journey towards this level of realism in commercial products is far from over. Current Meta avatars, with their basic cartoonish demeanor, are a stark contrast to what was demonstrated. However, whispers of a Meta roadmap suggest that Codec Avatars might be a reality in the next Quest Pro version, slated for a 2025 release in partnership with LG.

Potential Applications and Future Implications

Zuckerberg’s excitement was palpable as he discussed the core vision around augmented reality—delivering a tangible sense of presence regardless of geographic location. The conversation also skimmed over the boundless potential applications— from remote work meetings to gaming and social interactions, hinting at a future where ‘teleporting’ into virtual spaces with realistic avatars could redefine human interaction.

Integration of AI: The Linchpin of Meta’s Vision

On a broader spectrum, the integration of AI into software and hardware is crucial for creating immersive social experiences in extended reality platforms. Meta’s CTO, Andrew Bosworth, emphasized that AI is essential in understanding the content and context of the Metaverse, thereby enhancing the quality and performance of the platform.

However, the road towards a fully immersive Metaverse, as envisioned by Meta, is laden with both technological and societal challenges. Initial demos were glitchy, and the idea of mingling with digital avatars isn’t fully embraced by the public yet. But as Zuckerberg believes, AI-driven authenticity and realism are likely to win over skeptics.


The fusion of AI and immersive, extended reality hardware is the cornerstone of Meta’s ambitious venture into the Metaverse. As they inch closer to this vision, the rendezvous between Zuckerberg and Fridman stands as a promising emblem of what the future of digital interaction holds.